See how the Walt Disney Concert Hall was designed to perfection | Tour

See how the Walt Disney Concert Hall was designed to perfection |  Tour

My name is Valerie Augustin and I am an architect.

Today, we will take a walking tour

Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles.

(soft jazz)

(light jazz)

So, the Disney Concert Hall was designed in 1987,

It was originally funded

With a generous donation from Lillian Disney.

Designed by the Canadian-born, Los Angeles-based architect,

Frank Gehry.

construction process

Because this building is incredibly unique.

One of the things you’ll see

When you look at this building

is that it is covered with steel plates,

When they originally designed this building

The original intent was just that

It would have been clad in stone.

But during the design process,

One of the first things they discovered

is that the stone slabs would be incredibly heavy,

It will make a cost

The size of the steel structure is much more expensive

What they needed.

So, they turned to steel panels,

Which also happened to coincide with the truth of it

Between the time this building was designed

When the construction of this building began,

Frank Gehry completed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao.

One of his most famous projects at that time

Which was also clad with metal panels.

Each of the panels in the building is unique.

Now these specific types of models

They cannot be designed by traditional architectural means.

They basically had to invent new technologies

To build a building like this.

So, one of the things they pioneered

In the design of this building

is to use a program called CATIA,

Which was originally used to design airplanes and boats.

Many people consider it a Deconstructivist style building

It is a type of construction

which are really characterized by non-linear shapes,

Lots of curved geometry, use of glass,

And other similar materials.

A concert hall was built

Because it was originally the Los Angeles Philharmonic

played across the street at the music center,

But it’s time for the orchestra

To have a purpose-built hall

Which has been specially designed

To play symphonic music.

Now, one of the interesting things

About the project It is the first to be built

It was a parking garage.

This allowed the building to generate money

Even before the concert hall was open

To help finance the cost of construction.


Now, we are in the main entry lobby.

Frank Gehry loves to talk about it

When Lillian first met Disney,

She told him she really wanted a place

To feel like home.

And so Frank interpreted that to mean

It is that she really wanted to build

I felt warm and welcome

Because this building is really meant to be a gift

For the people of Los Angeles.

This really reflects

Through the use of many materials we see

In the interior of the building.

The floor uses limestone,

And another important component of this building

It is the use of Douglas fir that covers some of the columns,

Then also some facilities

that you see in the building.

Therefore, income returns are hidden within those

As well as providing warmth to the building,

They also perform an important functional use.

Now, the interesting thing about Douglas fir

It is also the same wood

Which is used for symphonic instruments.

So, there’s a really nice symmetry

Which Frank Gehry was aware of

When he made these design choices.

There are a few other things you can see in this lobby

Which is really amazing,

is that instead of hiding the structure,

The architect really celebrates the structure

Inside the building.

A lot of steel is visible

And you can see it’s painted grey,

This coating is actually fire retardant

So there was a fire,

This material actually swells

To protect steel and keep people safe.

Another really cool part of this building

Is that the entire front can be scissor-open

Which allows during the summer months for people

To enter and exit the building

Right on Grand Avenue.

Another great thing to see

In this space is Frank Gehry’s dedication

To truly create a building

This is open and provides visibility

Throughout the city as well as the total area.

So, starting from the top level,

You have access to the hall

Which also offers views of the city,

He also takes us to the café dining area

As well as access to the parking garage

Which we talked about before.

(light jazz)

So, here we are in the founders room

It is a private space in the Disney Concert Hall

For donors who gave

More than $185,000 to the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

Now, this room is the only room

In a building that is not open to the general public.

One of the things you will notice

is that in this room, like the entire concert hall,

Is that the space is connected to the outdoors.

So one of the things that architects do

They were really adamant about making sure

that although this is an internal experience,

Each room has access and view to the outside.

Another thing you’ll notice here

Is this a beautiful rug?

Now, this rug had a special custom design

Which was specially made for the concert hall

It already embodies some important aspects

Which Frank Gehry talked about with Lillian Disney.

That was, again, creating a building

It was really warm and welcoming to all Angelenos.

You can find this carpet throughout the entire concert hall,

Therefore the floors are either made of limestone

Or this beautiful carpet you see behind us.

The ceiling in this space is particularly unique.

Now this space is treated differently than drywall

It is a traditional packaging material

For the interior of the building.

But here they did a special finishing with plaster

It is the only way to achieve these sensual curves

that we see in this space.

And if you look closely,

You can actually see the plaster finish

Because there is little such as shimmer

Which you will get when using plaster

Which you don’t get when painting the surface.

(light jazz)

Now, we’re in one of my favorite places

Disney Concert Hall, this is the Blue Ribbon Park.

Blue Ribbon Park

It was an important part of this building

Because it really speaks to the idea

This building is truly a gift

To Los Angeles.

It is open to all Angelenos any day of the year.

You can come here and have lunch,

We take a look at the city behind us.

Something else you can see behind us

It is one of the most impressive parts of this park

And this is the Blue Ribbon Fountain,

It is called a rose for a lily.

Now, this is a special story that happened

While Frank Gehry interacts with Lillian Disney.

On a visit to her home,

He saw that she had many pieces of fake Delft porcelain.

Apparently, it was something

Which she and her husband Walt will enjoy,

He was buying fake pieces of porcelain

To see if their friends can spot fakes.

Now this has turned into a great story

Between Lillian and Frank,

And so they decided it would be great

The most appropriate way to create this fountain.

That’s how Frank Gehry worked

With artists Thomas Osinski and his wife Ewa,

With eight other artists

Let’s see the fountain we see behind us.

More than 200 Royal Blue Delft vases were broken

In making this fountain.

You can also find 60 Easter eggs,

Which includes pieces of ceramics

From the artist’s personal home

And so is Frank Gehry’s photography.

Another thing you can see here

At Blue Ribbon Garden a close-up view

Of the steel panels covering this building.

One of the interesting things about the design

is that you will see that the panels are overlapping

In the same way as bird feathers or fish scales.

This allows any water to drain away from the building

Without any worry about water leakage

In this interior part of the space.

Now one of the challenges that occurred

When was this building first designed?

There were two types of finishes on these panels.

The shiny finish you see next to me

And also highly reflective chrome plated panels.

The chrome end panels were actually quite reflective

on neighboring dwellings,

Which means those boards have to be sanded

So they will not cause harm anymore

To nearby buildings.

It can be accessed from Blue Ribbon Park

It is a public walk that takes you up and around

disney Concert Hall facade,

Which provides a view of all of downtown Los Angeles.

(light jazz)

So, behind me, you can see the BP hall

It is a private space for performances and lectures

In the corner of the Disney Concert Hall.

Now, one of the great things

Around this space you can really see it

Use the Douglas fir that is used

Throughout the building,

Oriented and attached in the same way

Where the exterior cladding of the building is.

So, you can see here the attention to detail

Paid by architects

Through every level of design

To ensure that the entire building is cohesive.

You can also see it in other parts of the buildings

Including the founder’s wall

Where the donor panels are overlapping and overlapping

The same way we see it on the outside of the building.

Another thing you’ll notice if you look closely

is that some of the boards are made of solid Douglas fir

While others actually have small holes.

This is what allows this space to work acoustically

When a lecture or performance occurs.

Amazing things about the skylights in this building

They serve a dual function.

During the day,

They bring abundant natural light into the space,

But at night, the building lights are off

Making the entire building a beacon for the entire city.

(light jazz)

So, we’re right outside the hall.

Now, the hall can accommodate 2,265 people.

The acoustics are specially designed

For philharmonic music.

Now, the acoustic design was not possible to achieve

Without experts and recruiting Frank Gehry

World famous sound designer Yasuhisa Toyota

From Japan to design the hall.

Now, the way the space is designed

From any seat in the hall

You will get perfect sound from the stage.

So there is no such thing as a bad seat in this hall.

hall from inside,

In addition to being acoustically perfect,

She is also incredibly beautiful.

The interior panels are curved to support sound

Reach every spot of the hall

It also uses the same Douglas fir we see

Outside in the lobby and other places.

Now, one of the most striking pieces

From the hall is the device.

The organ contains more than 6,000 pipes.

They are often referred to as French fries.

So, if you find yourself hungry

When you’re at Walt Disney Concert Hall, now you know why.

Ceiling in the hall

It is beautifully ripped and ribbed

Which helps acoustics and sound

Travel around space.

Now, the interior planning of the space

It is also unique to the Walt Disney Concert Hall

And the way the seats are designed

Both to allow for optimal viewing as well as optimal sound.

Upholstery that you will find on the interior seats

It is the same decoration that was created

For the custom rug we’re standing on now.

(light jazz)

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