Opening of a unique center for the performing arts with a marble facade on the site of the World Trade Center
The recently opened Perelman Center for the Performing Arts (PAC NYC) is a cultural masterpiece with its unique marble facade surrounding its cubic form. The project is the final part of the 2003 World Trade Center redevelopment plan led by former New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg.
This non-profit, currently headed by Bloomberg, aims to bring together artists and audiences from New York City and beyond, and showcases various art forms such as music, theatre, dance, opera, film and special events.
This building was designed by architecture firm REX in collaboration with theater consultant Charcoalblue and executive architect Davis Brody Bond.2 The facility (129,000 square feet) embodies the artistic mission of PAC NYC. The building features a marble facade that transforms from a monolith during the day into a warmly glowing masterpiece at night.
REX, in collaboration with facade consultant Front, used 12 mm (0.5 in) translucent marble panels sandwiched between glass to create the façade, with 4,896 insulated glass units (IGUs) measuring 1.5 x 0.9 m (5 x 3 ft) and weighing 133 kg (295 lbs). ) For both of them. The marble veins form a symmetrical “book-matching” pattern, creating an amber glow indoors during the day and reflecting it at night when indoors are lit.
To make the most of the constrained and challenging site, REX PAC NYC was designed with three primary levels, with a central focus on the stage-level performance spaces. These three levels, arranged from bottom to top, consist of:
- Public Level: Features an atrium designed to be the center of lower Manhattan, complete with a lobby stage for free events, Marcus Samuelsson’s restaurant, a bar, and an outdoor terrace. The Rockwell Group provided the interior design for the restaurant and lounge.
- Artist Level: Artist support facilities such as dressing rooms and mechanical elevator “trap”, primarily serving the Zuccotti Theater.
- Theater Level: Offers three distinct performance spaces – the John E. Zuccotti Theater (seats up to 450 people), the Mike Nichols Theater (seats up to 250 people), and the Doris Duke Theater (seats up to 99 people). This level also includes two scene docks and a training hall.
Polished aluminum pendants with light-emitting diode (LED) illuminate the exterior of the building and serve as home lighting for theatergoers, the result of a collaboration between REX and lighting design consultant Tillotson Design Associates.
REX and Charcoalblue collaborated to design PAC NYC’s performance spaces, which feature massive vertical sliding walls, movable seating towers, a two-level rigging system, and automation with Gala Spiralifts. The performance spaces can be used individually or in different combinations and can be reconfigured to over ten different proportions and over sixty stage audience arrangements, accommodating audiences ranging from 90 to 950 seats.
The Nichols Theater features fully removable aisles and a demountable audience balcony for versatile configurations, and the in-room acoustics, created in collaboration with Threshold Acoustics, provide a limitless and pervasive audio experience.
The three theaters are isolated from each other and the vibrations generated by the subway lines float independently on thick rubber platforms, allowing for simultaneous performances.
Rockwell Group’s interior design for the restaurant/lounge area was driven by the idea of creating a warm and welcoming arrival experience for guests, giving a glimpse into the experiences coming from street level. Because the building is high and monolithic, the atrium’s dynamic, glowing roof can be seen from the street.